Brienner Str. 13, 80333 Munich
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Pilonidal Sinus Resources


Info - Flyer, forms, bibliography for Pilonidal Sinus

On the one hand, here you will find our bibliography so that you can read the references to our opinion for yourself.

Furthermore, we have compiled all of the internal forms so that you can prepare yourself perfectly for your appointment in our practice.

For your information you will find all information material of our practice as PDF files here.

For those of you who want to know more...
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    Info flyer practice german

    Pilonidal Sinus - OP

    What should be considered before the Pilonidal Sinus operation, how does the outpatient treatment proceed, what is the aftercare like?
    Info flyer: Treatment procedure at Pilonidal Sinus OP

    Laser treatment

    Laser therapy at Pilonidal Sinus Info Flyer
    Info flyer: Laser at Pilonidal Sinus

    Laser applications

    Information flyer about laser technology and application at Pilonidal Sinus, hair removal, hemorrhoids and varices
    Laser treatments in proctology - Information for patients

    Info Flyer Practice English

    Pilonidal Surgery (e)

    Info Flyer Pilonidal Sinus Treatment english
    Info flyer: Outpatient pilonidal surgery

    laser treatment

    Info Flyer Laser Therapy Pilonidal Sinus
    Info flyer: Laser in Pilonidal Sinus Treatment


    Registration private patients (d/e)

    Registration private liquidation company Medas (german)
    Registration for Private Patients (english)

    Private medical treatment contract

    Private medical treatment contract practice Dr. Bernhard Hofer

    Application for assumption of costs IGV

    Consent Application Individual decision


    Pilonidal Sinus general

    Ardelt, M., Dittmar, Y., Kocijan, R., Rödel, J., Schulz, B., Scheuerlein, H., & Settmacher, U. (2016). Microbiology of the infected recurrent sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus. International Wound Journal, 13(2), 231-237.

    Aysan, E., Ilhan, M., Bektas, H., Kaya, E. A., Sam, B., Buyukpinarbasili, N., & Muslumanoglu, M. (2013). Prevalence of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus as a silent disease. Surgery Today, 43(11), 1286-1289.

    Bascom, J. (1980). Pilonidal disease: origin from follicles of hairs and results of follicle removal as treatment. Surgery, 87(5), 567-572.

    Bosche, F., Luedi, M., Cyprus, D., Moersdorf, P., Krapohl, B., & Doll, D. (2017). The Hair in the Sinus: Sharp-Ended Rootless Head Hair Fragments can be Found in Large Amounts in Pilonidal Sinus Nests. World Journal of Surgery, 42(2), 567-573.

    Bringmann, W.: low-level laser therapy. 2015, Füchtenbusch-Verlag Starnberg (Textbook)

    Dahl, H. D., & Henrich, M. H. (1992). Light and scanning electron microscopy studies of the pathogenesis of pilonidal sinus and anal fistula [Light and scanning electron microscopy study of the pathogenesis of pilonidal sinus and anal fistula]. Langenbeck's archive for surgery, 377(2), 118-124

    Delshad, H., Dawson, M., Melvin, P., Zotto, S., & Mooney, D. (2019) Pit-picking resolves pilonidal disease in adolescents. Journal of pediatric surgery, 54(1), 174-176.

    Doll, D., Bosche, F., Hauser, A., Moersdorf, P., Sinicina, I., Grunwald, J., Reckel, F., & Luedi, M. (2018). The presence of occipital hair in the pilonidal sinus cavity-a triple approach to proof. International Journal of Colorectal Disease, 33(5), 567-576.

    Jackman, R. (1962). The etiology of pilonidal sinus. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, 5(1), 28-36-28&ndash-ndash;36-28-36.

    Kucera, J., Coley, I., O'Hara, S., Kosnik, E., & Coley, B. (2014). The simple sacral dimple: diagnostic yield of ultrasound in neonates. Pediatric Radiology, 45(2), 211-216.

    Lord, P. (1975). Anorectal problems: Etiology of pilonidal sinus. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, 18(8), 661-664

    Mayo, O.H. (1833). Observations on injuries and disease of rectum. Burgess and Hill, London, pp 45 - 46

    Ommer, A., Berg, E., Breitkopf, C., Bussen, D., Doll, D., Fürst, A., Herold, A., Hetzer, F., Jacobi, T., Krammer, H., Lenhard, B., Osterholzer, G, Petersen, S., Ruppert, R., Schwandner, O., Sailer, M., Schiedeck, T., Schmidt-Lauber, M., Stoll, M., Strittmatter, B., & Iesalnieks, I. (2014).S3 guidance: Sinus pilonidalis. coloproctology, 36(4), 272-322.

    Page, B. (1969). The entry of hair into a pilonidal sinus. British Journal of Surgery, 56(1), 32-32

    Karydakis, G. (1974). New approach to the problem of pilonidal sinus. Lancet (London, England), 2(7843), 1414-5.

    Søndenaa, K., Andersen, E., Nesvik, I., & Søreide, J. (2004). Patient characteristics and symptoms in chronic pilonidal sinus disease. International Journal of Colorectal Disease, 10(1), 39-42.

    Tezel, E. (2007). A new classification according to navicular area concept for sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease. Colorectal Disease, 9(6)

    Tezel, E., Leventoglu, S., & Wysockı, A. (2019). Trends toward atailored approach for pilonidal sinus disease. coloproctology, 41(2), 121-126.

    Wilson, P., Hayes, E., Barber, A., & Lohr, J. (2016) Screening for Spinal Dysraphisms in Newborns With Sacral Dimples. Clinical Pediatrics, 55(11), 1064-1070.

    Yildiz, T., Elmas, B., Yucak, A., Turgut, H. T., & Ilce, Z. (2017). Risk factors for pilonidal sinus disease in teenagers. Indian journal of pediatrics, 84(2), 134-138.


    Cartlidge, E. (2007). Theodore Maiman 19272007. Physics World, 20(6)

    Conroy, F. J., Kandamany, N., & Mahaffey, P. J. (2008). Laser depilation and hygiene: preventing recurrent pilonidal sinus disease. Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS, 61(9), 1069-1072.

    Maiman, T.H. (1960): Stimulated Optical Radiation in Ruby. Nature, No. 4736

    Raulin C. and Karzai S. (eds.), Laser and IPL Technology in Dermatology and Aesthetic Medicine , DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-03438-1_2, © Springer- Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

    Plastic closure techniques

    Bascom, J., & Bascom, T. (2002). Failed pilonidal surgery: new paradigm and new operation leading to cures. Archives of Surgery, 137(10), 1146-1150.

    Bozkurt, M., & Tezel, E. (2005). Management of pilonidal sinus with the limberg flap. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, 41(6), 775-777

    Favuzza, J., Brand, M., Francescatti, A., & Orkin, B. (2015). Cleft lift procedure for pilonidal disease: technique and perioperative management. Techniques in Coloproctology, 19(8), 477-482.

    Maruyama, Y. (2001). Sacral adipofascial turn-over flap for the excisional defect of pilonidal sinus. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, 108(7), 2006-2010-2006.

    Petersen, S., Aumann, G., Kramer, A., Doll, D., Sailer, M., & Hellmich, G. (2007). Short-term results of Karydakis flap for pilonidal sinus disease. Techniques in Coloproctology, 11(3), 235-240.

    Wysocki, A.P., & Doll, .D. (2019). Missing Points in Pilonidal Disease: Management. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, 62(4),

    FiLaC / SiLaC/EPSiT

    Dessily, M., Dziubeck, M., Chahidi, E., & Simonelli, V. (2019). The SiLaC procedure for pilonidal sinus disease: long-term outcomes of a single institution prospective study. Techniques in Coloproctology, 23(12), 1133-1140.

    Giamundo P, Geraci M, Tibaldi L, Valente M (2013) Closure of fistula-in-ano with laser-FiLaC™: an effective novel sphincter-saving procedure for complex disease. Colorectal Dis 16:110-115

    Meinero, P., Mori, L., & Gasloli, G. (2013) Endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment (E.P.Si.T.). Techniques in Coloproctology, 18(4), 389-392.

    Milone, M., Musella, M., Di Spiezio Sardo, A., Bifulco, G., Salvatore, G., Sosa Fernandez, L., Bianco, P., Zizolfi, B., Nappi, C., & Milone, F. (2014). Video-assisted ablation of pilonidal sinus: A new minimally invasive treatment-A pilot study. Surgery, 155(3), 562-566.

    Wilhelm, A. (2011). A new technique for sphincter-preserving anal fistula repair using a novel radial emitting laser probe. Techniques in Coloproctology, 15(4), 445-449.

    Treatment without surgery

    Armstrong, J., & Barcia, P. (1994). Pilonidal Sinus Disease: The Conservative Approach. Archives of Surgery, 129(9), 914-918.

    Cooper R. A. (2007). Iodine revisited. International wound journal, 4(2), 124-137.

    Castelain F, Girardin P, Moumane L, Aubin F, Pelletier F. Anaphylactic reaction to povidone in a skin antiseptic. Contact dermatitis. 2016 Jan;74(1):55-6. doi: 10.1111/cod.12473. PMID: 26690279.

    Le Pabic F, et al. First case of anaphylaxis to iodinated povidone. Allergy 58: 826-827, No. 8, Aug 2003 - France

    pit picking

    Bosche, F., Luedi, M., Cyprus, D., Moersdorf, P., Krapohl, B., & Doll, D. (2017). The Hair in the Sinus: Sharp-Ended Rootless Head Hair Fragments can be Found in Large Amounts in Pilonidal Sinus Nests. World Journal of Surgery, 42(2), 567-573.

    Buie, L. (1944). Jeep Disease. Southern Medical Journal, 37(2), 103-109-103-109.

    Chintapatla, S., Safarani, N., Kumar, S., & Haboubi, N. (2003). Sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus: historical review, pathological insight and surgical options. Techniques in Coloproctology, 7(1), 3-8.

    Hodge, R.M. (1880). Pilonidal sinus. Boston Med Surg J 103:485-6, 493, 544

    Multani, J., & Kives, S. (2015). Dermoid cysts in adolescents. Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 27(5), 315-319.

    Palmer, W. (1959). Pilonidal disease A new concept of pathogenesis. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, 2(3), 303-307-303&ndash-ndash;307-303-307.

    Page, B. (1969). The entry of hair into a pilonidal sinus. British Journal of Surgery, 56(1), 32-32.

    Patey D.H., Scarff R.W. (1946): Pathology of postanal pilonidal sinus; its bearing on treatment. Lancet. 1946 Oct 5;2(6423):484-6. 

    Bascom, J. (1983). Pilonidal disease Long-term results of follicle removal. Diseases of the Colon & Rectum, 26(12), 800-807-800&ndash-ndash;807-800-807.

    Colov, E., & Bertelsen, C. (2013). Short convalescence and minimal pain after out-patient Bascom's pit-pick surgery... Danish medical bulletin, 58(12), A4348A4348-AA4348.

    Ehrl, D., Choplain, C., Heidekrueger, P., Erne, H., Rau, H., & Broer, P. (2017). Treatment Options for Pilonidal Disease... The American surgeon, 83(5), 453-457.

    Iesalnieks, I., Deimel, S., Kienle, K., Schlitt, H., & Zülke, C. (2011). Pit-picking surgery in patients with pilonidal sinus. The surgeon, 82(10), 927-931.

    Iesalnieks, I., Deimel, S., & Schlitt, H. (2014). "Pit-picking" surgery in patients with pilonidal sinus. The surgeon, 86(5), 482-485.

    Lord, P., & Millar, D. (1965). Pilonidal sinus: A simple treatment. British Journal of Surgery, 52(4), 298-300.

    Oliveira, A., Barroso, C., Osório, A., & Correia-Pinto, J. (2019). Minimally Invasive Surgical Treatment of Pilonidal Disease: Mid-Term Retrospective Analysis of a Single Center. Frontiers in Pediatrics, 7,

    Dr. med. Bernhard Hofer & colleagues

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    Specialist for surgery, visceral surgery and proctology

    Brienner Str. 13

    80333 Munich


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    Monday through Thursday:

    14.00 - 18.00 hours





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